Hypertension is a condition which occurs when your blood pressure is more than 140/90 mmHg. Hypertension is increasing at an alarming rate in India. About 25% of urban adults and 10-15% of rural adults have hypertension. By 2025, about 213.5 million Indians will suffer from hypertension.
Hypertension can greatly increase your risk of cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, stroke, and death. However, even a small reduction in your blood pressure can considerably decrease your risk of future cardiovascular disorders. A study by Bazzano 2013 reported that even a 2 mmHg reduction in the average of diastolic blood pressure can decrease the risk of hypertension by 17%, coronary heart disease by 6%, and stroke by 15%.
Hypertension is generally managed by drugs which reduces blood pressure. But, there are various measures that you can take to keep your BP under control.
One of the most important measure is lifestyle modifications, of which diet control plays a vital role. A healthy diet can both reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure and lower the blood pressure that is already too high.
In addition to a healthy diet, it is also important to maintain an active lifestyle which will enable losing weight and reducing waist circumference.
It is important to monitor your blood pressure at home to determine the effect of your lifestyle changes has had on your BP. Remember to consult your doctor about home monitoring before you get started.
A heart-healthy diet and routine exercise can help control your blood pressure, reduce the risk of cardiac problems and maintain good overall health.